読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

UITextField の inputView に UIPickerView を設定する

objective-c ios

環境:iOS Deployment Target 7.1

以前、UIPickerView をキーボードのように表示・非表示させるというエントリーを書いたがもっと簡単なやり方を知ったのでメモしておく。

まず、以前のやり方は完了ボタンとそれを置くビューを自分で作って、UIPickerView といっしょに画面外から画面内に、画面内から画面外にアニメーションさせて移動させて表示・非表示を行っていた。

今回は UITextField を使い、その inputAccessoryView プロパティに UIBarButtonItem を、inputView プロパティに UIPickerView を設定するだけ。

このやり方なら表示・非表示の動作を自分で行わなくても UITextField にフォーカスが当たればキーボードのように下からシュッとアニメーションで現れるし、フォーカスが外れれば隠れる。

UITextField の inputView プロパティを使うことでキーボード以外が使えるのが目からうろこだった。

面白いのはキーボードは表示されないんだけどUIKeyboardWillShowNotificationUIKeyboardWillHideNotificationなどのキーボード表示・非表示時の Notification は通知されること。

f:id:xyk:20141006121318g:plain

サンプルコード

PickerViewController.m

#import "PickerViewController.h"

#define TEXT_FIELDS_COUNT       2
#define GENDER_FIELD_TAG        1
#define AREA_FIELD_TAG          2

@interface PickerViewController ()
<
UIPickerViewDelegate,
UIPickerViewDataSource,
UITextFieldDelegate
>

@property(nonatomic, retain) UIToolbar *keyboardToolbar;

@property(nonatomic, strong) UITextField *genderTextField;
@property(nonatomic, retain) UIPickerView *genderPickerView;

@property(nonatomic, strong) UITextField *areaTextField;
@property(nonatomic, retain) UIPickerView *areaPickerView;

@property(nonatomic, strong) NSString *gender;
@property(nonatomic, strong) NSString *area;

@property(nonatomic, strong) NSArray *genderList;
@property(nonatomic, strong) NSArray *areaList;
@end

@implementation PickerViewController {}

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor lightGrayColor];

    self.genderList = @[@[@"1", @"男性"],
                        @[@"2", @"女性"]];

    self.areaList = @[@[@"1", @"北海道"],
                      @[@"2", @"東北"],
                      @[@"3", @"関東・信越"],
                      @[@"4", @"東海・北陸・近畿"],
                      @[@"5", @"中国・四国"],
                      @[@"6", @"九州"],
                      @[@"7", @"沖縄"]];

    // Gender TextField
    self.genderTextField = [[UITextField alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0,
                                                                         100,
                                                                         self.view.bounds.size.width,
                                                                         40)];
    self.genderTextField.delegate = self;
    self.genderTextField.tag = GENDER_FIELD_TAG;
    self.genderTextField.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
    [self.view addSubview:self.genderTextField];

    // Area TextField
    self.areaTextField = [[UITextField alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0,
                                                                       150,
                                                                       self.view.bounds.size.width,
                                                                       40)];
    self.areaTextField.delegate = self;
    self.areaTextField.tag = AREA_FIELD_TAG;
    self.areaTextField.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
    [self.view addSubview:self.areaTextField];

    // Gender picker
    self.genderPickerView = [[UIPickerView alloc] init];
    self.genderPickerView.delegate = self;
    self.genderPickerView.tag = GENDER_FIELD_TAG;
    self.genderPickerView.showsSelectionIndicator = YES;

    // Area picker
    self.areaPickerView = [[UIPickerView alloc] init];
    self.areaPickerView.delegate = self;
    self.areaPickerView.tag = AREA_FIELD_TAG;
    self.areaPickerView.showsSelectionIndicator = YES;

    // Keyboard toolbar
    self.keyboardToolbar = [[UIToolbar alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.view.bounds.size.width, 38.0f)];
    self.keyboardToolbar.barStyle = UIBarStyleBlackTranslucent;

    UIBarButtonItem *spaceBarItem = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemFlexibleSpace
                                                                                  target:nil
                                                                                  action:nil];

    UIBarButtonItem *doneBarItem = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithTitle:@"決定"
                                                                    style:UIBarButtonItemStyleDone
                                                                   target:self
                                                                   action:@selector(resignKeyboard:)];
    [self.keyboardToolbar setItems:@[spaceBarItem, doneBarItem]];

    self.genderTextField.inputAccessoryView = self.keyboardToolbar;
    self.genderTextField.inputView = self.genderPickerView;
    self.areaTextField.inputAccessoryView = self.keyboardToolbar;
    self.areaTextField.inputView = self.areaPickerView;
}


- (void)resignKeyboard:(id)sender
{
    id firstResponder = [self getFirstResponder];
    if ([firstResponder isKindOfClass:[UITextField class]]) {
        [firstResponder resignFirstResponder];
    }
}

- (id)getFirstResponder
{
    NSUInteger index = 0;
    while (index <= TEXT_FIELDS_COUNT) {
        UITextField *textField = (UITextField *)[self.view viewWithTag:index];
        if ([textField isFirstResponder]) {
            return textField;
        }
        index++;
    }
    return NO;
}

- (void)checkSpecialFields:(NSUInteger)tag
{
    if (tag == GENDER_FIELD_TAG && [self.genderTextField.text isEqualToString:@""]) {
        [self setGenderData];
    } else if (tag == AREA_FIELD_TAG && [self.areaTextField.text isEqualToString:@""]) {
        [self setAreaData];
    }
}

- (void)setGenderData
{
    NSInteger row = [self.genderPickerView selectedRowInComponent:0];
    self.genderTextField.text = self.genderList[row][1];
    self.gender = self.genderList[row][0];
}

- (void)setAreaData
{
    NSInteger row = [self.areaPickerView selectedRowInComponent:0];
    self.areaTextField.text = self.areaList[row][1];
    self.area = self.areaList[row][0];
}


#pragma mark - UITextFieldDelegate

- (void)textFieldDidBeginEditing:(UITextField *)textField
{
    NSUInteger tag = [textField tag];
    [self checkSpecialFields:tag];
}

- (BOOL)textField:(UITextField *)textField shouldChangeCharactersInRange:(NSRange)range replacementString:(NSString *)string
{
    NSUInteger tag = [textField tag];
    if (tag == GENDER_FIELD_TAG || tag == AREA_FIELD_TAG) {
        return NO;
    }
    return YES;
}


#pragma mark - UIPickerViewDataSource

- (NSInteger)numberOfComponentsInPickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView
{
    return 1;
}

- (NSInteger)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView numberOfRowsInComponent:(NSInteger)component
{
    NSUInteger tag = [pickerView tag];
    if (tag == GENDER_FIELD_TAG) {
        return self.genderList.count;
    } else if (tag == AREA_FIELD_TAG) {
        return self.areaList.count;
    }
    return 0;
}

#pragma mark - UIPickerViewDelegate

- (NSString *)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView titleForRow:(NSInteger)row forComponent:(NSInteger)component
{
    NSUInteger tag = [pickerView tag];
    if (tag == GENDER_FIELD_TAG) {
        return self.genderList[row][1];
    } else if (tag == AREA_FIELD_TAG) {
        return self.areaList[row][1];
    }
    return @"";
}

- (void)pickerView:(UIPickerView *)pickerView didSelectRow:(NSInteger)row inComponent:(NSInteger)component
{
    NSUInteger tag = [pickerView tag];
    if (tag == GENDER_FIELD_TAG) {
        [self setGenderData];
    } else if (tag == AREA_FIELD_TAG) {
        [self setAreaData];
    }
}

@end

参考
davidebettio/DBSignupViewController · GitHub
https://github.com/davidebettio/DBSignupViewController